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An Interpretive Lexicon of New Testament Greek

Analysis of Prepositions, Adverbs, Particles, Relative Pronouns, and Conjunctions
Gregory K. Beale (Author) , Daniel Joseph Brendsel (Author) , William A. Ross (Author)
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Save considerable time in translating and exegesis of the Greek New Testament text.

This Lexicon has a very specific and important purpose: to make the process of New Testament interpretation easier and more accurate by providing a comprehensive yet concise interpretation of Greek words that determine logical relationships between statements or clauses.

These words (prepositions, adverbs, particles, relative pronouns, conjunctions and other connectors) are essential to revealing and supporting the main ideas in the text and are especially useful for interpreting logical arguments, such as those found in the epistles.

While not exhaustive, this Interpretive Lexicon lists the vast majority of Greek connecting words, especially those that are notorious for being some of the most difficult words to translate.

Features include:

  • Concise definitions for quick analysis.
  • Examples of where the word is found in Scripture.
  • Page references to several major lexical resources for further translation options and nuances.
  • Interpretation of the broader categories of each word (for example: locative (in, among, on), means-end (with, by), grounds (because, on account of), temporal (while, at), and so on.

The interpretive feature of the book--evaluating the word's function in discourse--is tremendously helpful for the exegetical process, allowing the translator to closely follow the logical flow of the text with greater efficiency. This Interpretive Lexicon is a valuable handbook for student, pastor, and scholar alike.

About the Authors

Gregory K. Beale (PhD, University of Cambridge) is J. Gresham Machen Chair of New Testatment, Proferssor of New Testament and Bible Theology at Wheaton College Graduate School.

William A. Ross is a doctoral student at the University of Cambridge.


Your life depends on the meaning of little words. 'Soldier get in your foxhole now!' If you think 'in' means 'out' you're dead. The stakes are even higher with 'justified by faith.' Or, 'in this hope we were saved.' Or, 'created in Christ Jesus for good works.' Or, 'On account of these the wrath of God is coming.' Beale's Interpretive Lexicon of New Testament Greek is dedicated to the conviction that crucial and glorious things in scripture come into focus through rightly understanding the relationships signaled by these little words. This book wins my affection especially by correlating its definitions with the relational symbols I have been using for 40 years. The book will accomplish a high purpose if it merely heightens the Bible-reader's expectancy that life-changing meaning is found not just in words and phrases, but in how words and phrases relate. Thank you, Dr. Beale and your team. -- John Piper, Chancellor and Professor of New Testament, Bethlehem College and Seminary

As evangelical Protestants we believe in sola scriptura. We are committed, therefore, to discovering the meaning of the Scriptures, which means that we must study the Scriptures with intensity and rigor. This invaluable tool assists us in the task of careful exegesis and should be warmly welcomed. -- Thomas R. Schreiner, Professor of New Testament Interpretation; Associate Dean, The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary

One of the most challenging tasks in language acquisition is mastering the small words that are the warp and woof of an author’s thought. Frequently, these words reveal the logical flow of a discourse and are thus crucial for understanding a given text. Gathering up the data from reference works, principally BDAG, Greg Beale and company have laid out the material in a way that focuses on the various kinds of logical relationships intended by the author. Systematically labeling each word in this lexicon according to sound discourse analysis principles, they have produced a volume whose time has come. -- Daniel B. Wallace, Professor of New Testament Studies, Dallas Theological Seminary

Basics of Biblical Greek 1 Instructor: Dr. William D. Mounce

Part of a two-course series, Basics of Biblical Greek 1 will introduce you to the vocabulary and grammar of New Testament Greek, so you can begin studying the New Testament in its original language.

Course Details
  • 16 Units
  • 8 hours of video
  • Self-paced
  • Beginner
View Course
Basics of Biblical Greek 2 Instructor: Dr. William D. Mounce

The second part of a two-course series, Basics of Biblical Greek 2 picks up where Basics of Biblical Greek 1 leaves off, digging deeper into the vocabulary and grammar of New Testament Greek.

Course Details
  • 15 Units
  • 4 hours of video
  • Self-paced
  • Beginner
View Course
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  • Product Details
  • Page Count: 96
  • Format: Softcover
  • ISBN: 9780310494119
  • Release: October 28, 2014
Categories Biblical Studies Greek